See below for a collection of general discussions and in-depth technical notes featuring Boulder Nonlinear Systems’ capabilities and services.

Liquid Crystal Beam Steering
Polarization Gratings for Non-Mechanical Beam Steering Applications
J. Buck, S.Serati, L. Hosting, R. Serati, H. Masterson, M. Escuti, J. Kim, M. Miskiewicz
Wide-angle Non-Mechanical Beam Steering using thin Liquid Crystal Polarization Gratings
J. Kim, C. Oh, M. Escuti, L. Hosting, S. Serati
A review of Phased Array Steering for Narrow-Band Electrooptical Systems
Paul F. McManamon, Philip J. Bos, Michael J. Escuti, Jason Heikenfeld, Steve Serati, Kuikai Xie, Edward A. Watson
Wide-angle nonmechanical beam steering using thin liquid crystal polarization gratings
Jihwan Kim, Chulwoo Oh, Michael J. Escuti, Lance Hosting, Steven Serati
Advances in optical phased array technology
Anna Linnenberger, Steve Serati, Jay Stockley
In situ measurement of liquid crystal spatial light modulators’ beam steering characteristics during gamma irradiation
Jay Stockley, Steve Serati, Daniel Dauwe, Terence Deaton, Joseph Nonnast
Advances in liquid crystal based devices for wavefront control and beamsteering
Steven Serati, Jay Stockley
Nematic liquid crystal spatial light modulator’s response to total-dose irradiation
Stephen DeWalt, Kyle Miller, Jay Stockley
Advances in liquid crystal beam steering
Jay Stockley, Steven Serati
Beam combining using a phased array of phased arrays (PAPA)
Steven Serati, Hugh Masterson and Anna Linnenberger
Liquid crystal spatial light modulator for multispot beam steering
Jay Stockley, Steve Serati, Xiaodong Xun, Robert Cohn
Cascaded one-dimensional liquid crystal OPAs for 2-D beam steering
Jay Stockley, Steve Serati
Phased array of phased array for free-space optical communications
Steve Serati, Jay Stockley
Advanced liquid crystal on silicon optical phased arrays
Steven Serati, Jay Stockley
Liquid Crystal optical phase modulators for beam steering
Jay Stockley, Xiaowei Xia, Teresa Ewing, and Steve Serati
Structured polymer/liquid crystal for switchable diffractive and micro-optics
Darius Subacius, Jay Stockley, Steven Serati
Liquid crystal on VLSI silicon optical phased array
Jay Stockley, Darius Subacius, Steven Serati
Broadband phase-modulating system for white-light Fourier transformations
Jay Stockley, Steven Serati, Darius Subacius, Kevin McIntyre, Ken Walsh
Influence of the interpixel region in liquid crystal diffraction gratings
Jay Stockley, Darius Subacius, Steven Serati
Broadband beam steering
Jay Stockley, Steven Serati, Gary Sharp, Ping Wang, Ken Walsh, Kristina Johnson

Optical Trapping
A compact holographic optical tweezers instrument
G. M. Gibson, R. W. Bowman, A. Linnenberger, M. Dienerowitz, D. B. Phillips et al.
Control of matter defects using optical phase singularities
Ivan Smalyukh, Paul Ackerman, Rahul P. Trivedi, and Taewoo Lee
Increasing trap stiffness with position clamping in holographic optical tweezers
Darryl Preece, Richard Bowman, Anna Linnenberger, Graham Gibson, Steven Serati, and Miles Padgett
Controlling total spot power from holographic laser by superimposing a binary phase grating
Xiang Lu, Jian Zhang, Yu Gan, and Liying Wu
Expanding the toolbox for nanoparticle trapping and spectroscopy with holographic optical tweezers
M Dienerowitz, G Gibson, F Dienerowitz, and M Padgett
Holographic power-law traps for the efficient production of Bose-Einstein condensates
Graham D. Bruce, Sarah L. Bromley, Giuseppe Smirne, Lara Torralbo-Campo, and Donatella Cassettari
Improved direct binary search-based algorithm for generating holograms for the application of holographic optical tweezers
XuDong Zhao, Jing Li, Tao Tao, Qian Long, and Xiaoping Wu
Live cell lithography: Using optical tweezers to create synthetic tissue
Utkur Mirsaidov, Jan Scrimgeour, Winston Timp, Kaethe Beck, Mustafa Mir, Paul Matsudaira, and Gregory Timp
Minimizing intensity fluctuations in dynamic holographic optical tweezers, by restricted phase change
Martin Persson, David Engstrom, Anders Frank, Jan Backsten, Jorgen Bengtsson, and Mattias Goksor
Reduction of two-photon holographic speckle using shift-averaging
Suhail Matar, Lior Golan, and Shy Shoham
Three-dimensional parallel particle manipulation and tracking by integrating holographic optical tweezers and engineered point spread functions
Donald B. Conkey, Rahul P. Trivedi, Sri Rama Prasanna Pavani, Ivan I. Smalyukh, and Rafael Piestun
Unconventional structure-assisted optical manipulation of high-index nanowires in liquid crystals
David Engstrom, Michael C.M. Varney, Martin Persson, Rahul P. Trivedi, Kris A. Bertness, Mattias Goksor, and Ivan I. Smalyukh

Microscopy
Three-dimensional, single-molecule fluorescence imaging beyond the diffraction limit by using a double-helix point spread function
Sri Rama Prasanna Pavani, Michael A. Thompson, Julie S. Biteen, Samuel J. Lord, Na Liu, Robert J. Twieg, Rafael Piestun, W. E. Moerner
A multi-modal stereo microscope based on a spatial light modulator
M. P. Lee, G. M. Gibson, R. Bowman, S. Bernet, M. Ritsch-Marte, D. B. Phillips, and M. J. Padgett
Exploiting multimode waveguides for pure fibre-based imaging
Tomas Cizmar, and Kishan Dholakia
Holographic photo-stimulation for dynamic control of neuronal population activity
Suhail Matar, Lior Golan, Nairouz Farah, Inna Reutsky, and Shy Shoham
Photons, neurons, and wellbeing
David Pile
Spatial light interference microscopy (SLIM)
Zhuo Wang, Larry Millet, Mustafa Mir, Huafeng Ding, Sakulsuk Unarunotai, John Rogers, Martha U. Gillette, and Gabriel Popescu
Two photon microscopy with diffractive optic elements and spatial light modulators
Brendon O. Watson, Volodymyr Nikolenko, Roberto Araya, Darcy S. Peterka, Alan Woodruff, and Rafael Yuste
Simultaneous imaging of neural activity in three dimensions
Sean Quirin, Jesse Jackson, Darcy S Peterka, and Rafael Yuste

Laser Machining
Real-time control of polarization in ultra-short pulse laser micro-processing
O.J. Allegre, W. Perrie, K. Bauchert, D. Liu, S. P. Edwardson, G. Deardon, and K. G. Watkins


Pulse Shaping
Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) – Pulse Shaping
Some advantages of using a BNS SLM in the design of CARS microscopy include: independent phase and amplitude modulation using only one array, high spectral resolution, improved diffraction efficiency.
Quartic-phase limited grism-based ultrashort pulse shaper
Jeffrey J Field, Charles G. Durfee III, Jeff A. Squier, Steve Kane
Characterization of a High Efficiency, Ultrashort Pulse Shaper Incorporating a Reflective 4096-Element Spatial Light Modulator
Jeffrey J Field, Thomas A. Planchon, Wafa Amir, Charles G. Durfee, Jeff A. Squier
Shaping ultrafast optical pulses with liquid crystal spatial light modulators
The ability to “coherently control” or drive an expirement with a shaped optical field is one of the most intriguing applications in the field of ultrafast phenomena today.
Spectral phase shaping for high resolution CARS spectroscopy around 3000cm
A.C.W. van Rhijn, S. Postma, J.P. Korterik, J.L. Herek, H.L. Offerhaus
Ultrafast phase and amplitude pulse shaping with a single, one-dimensional, high-resolution phase mask
Jesse W. Wilson, Philip Schlup, Randy A. Bartels
Spectral Filters
Novel Polarization interference filters for wide spectral tuning of an optical null
Hugh Masterson, Jay Stockley
Liquid crystal modulated optical CDMA in a fiber-based testbed
Yijing Fu, Frank Barnes, Teresa Ewing, Steven Serati, Xiaowei Xia
Demonstration of reconfigurable O-CDMA using liquid crystal modulators
Xiaowei Xia, Teresa Ewing, Steven Serati, Yijing Fu, Rong Zhou, John Neff, Frank Barnes
Advances in polarization-based liquid crystal optical filters
Xiaowei Xia, Jay Stockley, Teresa Ewing, Steven Serati
Fabry Perot etalon with polymer cholesteric liquid-crystal mirrors
Jay Stockley, Gary Sharp, Kristina Johnson
Spatial Light Modulators – Phase Modulation / Wavefront Control
Dynamic calibration for improving the speed of a parallel-aligned liquid-crystal-on-silicon display
Joaquin Oton, Pierre Ambs, Maria S. Millan, and Elisabet Perez-Cabre
Spatial light modulator considerations for beam control in optical manipulation applications
Steve Serati, Jamie Harriman
Transmissive spatial light modulators with high figure-of-merit liquid crystals for foveated imaging applications
Jamie Harriman,Sebastian Gauza, Shin-Tson Wu, David Wick, Brett Bagwell, Ty Martinez, Don Payne, Steven Serati
Wide field-of-view imaging system using a liquid crystal spatial light modulator
G. Curatu, D. Wick, D. Payne, T. Martinez, J. Harriman, J. Harvey,
Improving spatial light modulator performance through phase compensation
Jamie Harriman, Anna Linnenberger, Steven Serati
High-resolution phase-only spatial light modulators with sub-millisecond response
Steven Serati, Xiaowei Xia, Owais Mughal, Anna Linnenberger
SLMs meet the challenge of new applications
Steven Serati and Kipp Bauchert
Analog optical phase modulator based on chiral smectic and polymer cholesteric liquid crystals
Jay Stockley, Gary Sharp, Steven Serati, Kristina Johnson
Spatial Light Modulators – Amplitude Modulation
Analog spatial light modulators: advances and applications
Steven Serati, Kipp Bauchert
128 x 128 analog liquid crystal spatial light modulator
Steven Serati, Gary Sharp, Roylnn Serati, Douglas McKnight, Jay Stockley
256 x 256 liquid-crystal-on-silicon spatial light modulator
Douglas McKnight, Kristina Johnson, Roylnn Serati
High-speed analog achromatic intensity modulator
Jay Stockley, Gary Sharp, Dave Doroski, Kristina Johnson